CS2 Data Structures Activity

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{{Learning Activity Overview
|'''Title''' || CS2 Data Structures Activity
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|title=
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CS2 Data Structures Activity
|'''Overview''' || Using the HFOSS OpenMRS project to illustrate the use of data structures in a complex system
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|overview=
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Using the HFOSS OpenMRS project to illustrate the use of data structures in a complex system.
|'''Prerequisite Knowledge''' || CS1 and Java
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|prerequisites=
|-
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CS1 and Java
|'''Learning Objectives''' ||
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|objectives=
 
#Describe the difference between a data structure and the implementation thereof.
 
#Describe the difference between a data structure and the implementation thereof.
 
#Explain the application of a data structure in a specific large complex software system.
 
#Explain the application of a data structure in a specific large complex software system.
 
#Evaluate tradeoffs in selection of data structures.
 
#Evaluate tradeoffs in selection of data structures.
 
#Analyze the time complexity of an algorithm that uses the data structure.
 
#Analyze the time complexity of an algorithm that uses the data structure.
|}
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|process skills=
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''What process skills will the student practice while completing this activity?''
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}}
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=== Background ===
  
=== Background: ===
 
 
Data structures are widely used in the development of large complex software systems. The decision to use a particular data structure is made by the programmer or in many cases a development team. Several factors must be considered including storage requirements, time requirements of the various operations that will be performed on the data, and usage patterns (i.e. the number and order of deletions, insertions, updates, etc.).  
 
Data structures are widely used in the development of large complex software systems. The decision to use a particular data structure is made by the programmer or in many cases a development team. Several factors must be considered including storage requirements, time requirements of the various operations that will be performed on the data, and usage patterns (i.e. the number and order of deletions, insertions, updates, etc.).  
  
 
This activity will explore a class within the OpenMRS code base where a number of data structures are utilized. As such, it is expected that the students will have some general knowledge about the OpenMRS project.
 
This activity will explore a class within the OpenMRS code base where a number of data structures are utilized. As such, it is expected that the students will have some general knowledge about the OpenMRS project.
  
=== Directions: ===
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=== Directions ===
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# Go to the [https://github.com/openmrs/openmrs-module-reportingcompatibility/blob/master/api/src/main/java/org/openmrs/module/reportingcompatibility/reporting/export/DataExportFunctions.java DataExportFunctions] class and examine the import statements found at the beginning of the file. Provide the class names of four data structures that are used in DataExportFunctions.java. Note: You may need to refer to the Java APIs and should recall that an interface is not a class.
 
# Go to the [https://github.com/openmrs/openmrs-module-reportingcompatibility/blob/master/api/src/main/java/org/openmrs/module/reportingcompatibility/reporting/export/DataExportFunctions.java DataExportFunctions] class and examine the import statements found at the beginning of the file. Provide the class names of four data structures that are used in DataExportFunctions.java. Note: You may need to refer to the Java APIs and should recall that an interface is not a class.
 
# Go to the following link and then answer the questions below:   
 
# Go to the following link and then answer the questions below:   
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# Analysis question…I’m not sure this method is a good choice for analysis. Thoughts? Would some other code segment within this class be better suited for this type of question?
 
# Analysis question…I’m not sure this method is a good choice for analysis. Thoughts? Would some other code segment within this class be better suited for this type of question?
  
=== Deliverables: ===
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=== Deliverables ===
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Written artifact to Instructor  
 
Written artifact to Instructor  
  
  
=== Assessment: ===
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=== Assessment ===
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How will the activity be graded?
 
How will the activity be graded?
 
   
 
   
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# This activity may be useful even for students who are not learning Java. For example, students who know C++ can, with reasonable effort, can learn enough about Java to complete the activity. The added benefit is that they can learn that concepts transcend the language.
 
# This activity may be useful even for students who are not learning Java. For example, students who know C++ can, with reasonable effort, can learn enough about Java to complete the activity. The added benefit is that they can learn that concepts transcend the language.
  
=== Additional Information: ===
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=== Additional Information ===
{| border="1"
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|-
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{{Learning Activity Info
|'''ACM Knowledge Area/Knowledge Unit''' || Programming Languages / Object-Oriented Programming
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|acm unit=
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Programming Languages / Object-Oriented Programming
|'''ACM Topic''' || Using collection classes
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|acm topic=
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Using collection classes
|'''Level of Difficulty''' || Medium
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|difficulty=
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medium
|'''Estimated Time to Completion''' || Varies, designed as one assignment or laboratory activity  
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|time=
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Varies, designed as one assignment or laboratory activity  
|'''Materials/Environment''' || Access to OpenMRS codebase  
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|environment=
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Access to OpenMRS codebase  
|'''Author(s)''' || Darci Burdge, Patricia Ordóñez, Jeff Ward, Mezei Razvan, Stewart Weiss, Joanna Klukowska
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|author=
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Darci Burdge, Patricia Ordóñez, Jeff Ward, Mezei Razvan, Stewart Weiss, Joanna Klukowska
|'''Source''' || POSSE 201405 Workshop Activity  
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|source=
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POSSE 201405 Workshop Activity  
|'''License''' || Licensed CC BY-SA  
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|license=
|}
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{{License CC BY SA}}
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}}
  
 
=== Suggestions for Open Source Community: ===
 
=== Suggestions for Open Source Community: ===
 
Suggestions for an open source community member who is working in conjunction with the instructor.
 
Suggestions for an open source community member who is working in conjunction with the instructor.
  
 
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[[Category:Learning_Activity]]
--------------------
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[[Category:CS2]]
This work is licensed under a
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[[Category:Good Draft]]
[http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/ Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License]
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[[File:CC_license.png]]
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[[Category: Learning_Activity]]
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[[Category: CS2]]
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[[Category: Good Draft]]
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Latest revision as of 21:55, 7 September 2018


Title

CS2 Data Structures Activity

Overview

Using the HFOSS OpenMRS project to illustrate the use of data structures in a complex system.

Prerequisites

CS1 and Java

Learning Objectives After successfully completing this activity, the learner should be able to:
  1. Describe the difference between a data structure and the implementation thereof.
  2. Explain the application of a data structure in a specific large complex software system.
  3. Evaluate tradeoffs in selection of data structures.
  4. Analyze the time complexity of an algorithm that uses the data structure.
Process Skills Practiced

What process skills will the student practice while completing this activity?


Background

Data structures are widely used in the development of large complex software systems. The decision to use a particular data structure is made by the programmer or in many cases a development team. Several factors must be considered including storage requirements, time requirements of the various operations that will be performed on the data, and usage patterns (i.e. the number and order of deletions, insertions, updates, etc.).

This activity will explore a class within the OpenMRS code base where a number of data structures are utilized. As such, it is expected that the students will have some general knowledge about the OpenMRS project.

Directions

  1. Go to the DataExportFunctions class and examine the import statements found at the beginning of the file. Provide the class names of four data structures that are used in DataExportFunctions.java. Note: You may need to refer to the Java APIs and should recall that an interface is not a class.
  2. Go to the following link and then answer the questions below:
    http://stackoverflow.com/questions/8315116/what-is-a-key-object-use-in-hashmap
    1. What is meant by the term key? The term value?
    2. Given,
      Map<String, int> populations = new HashMap<String, int> ();
      populations.put(“11530”, 27273);
      populations.put(“28601”, 50026);
      populations.put(“38111”, 41742);
      What would the following call to the get method return?
      System.out.println(“The population for Memphis, TN is “ + populations.get(“38111”);
    3. If you wanted to store student information such as a student id, name, major, and gpa, which one of these would you choose as a key? Given that choice of a key, which of the remaining ones could be used as the associated value?
  3. The data structures within the DataExportFunctions class are used in a multitude of ways and it is likely that you are unfamiliar with some of the syntax. Go to the clearMap method. You will find that it uses wildcard characters (‘?’).
    Briefly explain what each of the following means and explain the benefit of using them.
    1. ‘?’ (hint: wildcards)
    2. ‘? Extends Map’
    3. Determine whether each of the following calls to clearMap is valid or invalid. If a call is invalid, explain why.
      1. Map =
      2. Call 2
      3. Call 3
      4. Call 4
    4. Write a Javadoc comment for the clearMap method.
  4. Go to the getLastEncounterAttr method. There are two reference variables declared, types and encounterTypes.
    1. Can you determine what type of object each refers to? If yes, then specify the type of object. If not, then in your opinion what type of object is it most likely to refer to. Explain your answer.
    2. Why do you think these data structures were selected by the developers?
  5. Analysis question…I’m not sure this method is a good choice for analysis. Thoughts? Would some other code segment within this class be better suited for this type of question?

Deliverables

Written artifact to Instructor


Assessment

How will the activity be graded?

How will learning will be measured?

Include sample assessment questions/rubrics.

Criteria Level 1 (fail) Level 2 (pass) Level 3 (good) Level 4 (exceptional)
The purpose of the project
Why the project is open source

Comments:

  1. You may choose to leave out analysis.
  2. Depending on how many data structures you have covered, you may choose to reduce the number of data structures you are asking your students to identify.
  3. This activity may be useful even for students who are not learning Java. For example, students who know C++ can, with reasonable effort, can learn enough about Java to complete the activity. The added benefit is that they can learn that concepts transcend the language.

Additional Information

ACM Body of Knowledge
Area & Unit(s)

Programming Languages / Object-Oriented Programming

ACM Topic(s)

Using collection classes

Level of Difficulty

medium

Estimated Completion Time

Varies, designed as one assignment or laboratory activity

Environment / Materials

Access to OpenMRS codebase

Author(s)

Darci Burdge, Patricia Ordóñez, Jeff Ward, Mezei Razvan, Stewart Weiss, Joanna Klukowska

Source

POSSE 201405 Workshop Activity

License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

CC license.png


Suggestions for Open Source Community:

Suggestions for an open source community member who is working in conjunction with the instructor.

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