Intro to GitHub (Activity)
This activity will help you get started with Git. You will work on a remote repository shared by other workshop attendees.
|Prerequisite Knowledge||A rudimentary understanding of command-line usage would be helpful, but not required.|
|Estimated Time to Completion||30-60 minutes|
|Learning Objectives||Upon completion, you will be able to
|Rights||Licensed CC BY-SA (?)|
|Turn In||New git repository with your name containing all changes.|
Before diving into the activity below, let's explore some of the great resources that are available for learning Git. Most of these are linked to from the official Git website:
The Git Website - http://git-scm.com/
In particular there are some nice introductory videos on that site. You can navigate to Documentation and then Videos. Here is a brief synopsis of each video.
- Git Basics: What is Version Control?
If you are new to version control, or just want to gain a deeper understanding of it, this is 6 minutes of your life well spent.
Watch the video
- Git Basics: What is Git?
This 8 minute video gives you a quick overview of git, why it exists, who it serves, what it can do, and explains some of its advantages.
Watch the video
- Git Basics: Get Going with Git
This 4.5 minute video gives you an overview of installing and configuring git, as well as how to set up your first git repository. You could try to follow along and attempt each step, but I recommend just observing for now and appreciating the simplicity of setup. Later you'll complete a tutorial that will have you perform these same steps.
[Watch the video http://git-scm.com/video/get-going]
- Git Basics: Quick Wins with Git
Still not convinced? Need more reasons to use Git? Whether you are gearing up for a water cooler debate about version control systems, or you just want to get a better understanding of the Git philosophy and the features that implement those philosophies, this 5 minute delivers.
[Watch the video http://git-scm.com/video/quick-wins]
- The Git website: http://git-scm.com
- The help command:
$ git help
- The git status command gives useful suggestions. Use often.
$ git status
Commands to Inspect Your Repository
While you are completing the activities below, the following commands may come in handy. These commands do not change the state of your repository so they are always safe to use. Use them often.
- Status command: reports status of repository and gives suggestions!
$ git status
- Log command: reports history of commits.
$ git log
- Diff command: displays detailed differences since last commit.
$ git diff
Part 1: Install and Configure Git
1. Download and install Git for your operating system from http://git-scm.com. 2. Start a shell/terminal (windows: right-click desktop and select 'Git Bash') 3. Configure Git with your identity (replace caps with your information):
$ git config --global user.name 'YOUR NAME' $ git config --global user.email 'YOUR@EMAIL'
Part 2: Roll-Call Activity
1. Clone the following repository to your local system (password needed).
$ git clone firstname.lastname@example.org:sandbox.git
2. Change into the sandbox directory.
$ cd sandbox
3. Using any tools you like, inside the sandbox directory create a file named YOUR_NAME.txt (e.g., jane_smith.txt). with your bio. Using your favorite text editor, write your bio in the file (don't forget to save). 4. Select the changes you want to commit: your new file. (The following command should be issued in the sandbox directory. So if you have changed directories since step 2, please return to the sandbox directory before issuing the following command.)
$ git add stoney_jackson.txt
5. Commit selected changes to your local repository.
$ git commit -m'Added bio for Stoney Jackson.'
6. Push changes from your local repository to the remote repository (password needed).
$ git push
If git reports something like the following, you may continue to part 3:
Counting objects: 5, done. Writing objects: 100% (3/3), 245 bytes, done. Total 3 (delta 0), reused 0 (delta 0) To /Users/Stoney/Desktop/t/a.git/ 5dd2c29..7232044 master -> master
If git reports something like the following, continue to the next step:
To ... ! [rejected] master -> master (non-fast-forward) error: failed to push some refs to '...' hint: Updates were rejected because the tip of your current branch is behind hint: its remote counterpart. Merge the remote changes (e.g. 'git pull') hint: before pushing again. hint: See the 'Note about fast-forwards' in 'git push --help' for details.
7. Pull changes from remote into your local repository. (This may invoke a text editor requesting a message explaining the necessity of the merge. Just save the default message and exit the editor.)
$ git pull
Return to step 6, and try to push your changes again.
Part 3: Follow up
Congratulations, you have successfully contributed to a shared, remote repository!
Additional activities to give you more practice with Git.
- Issue a pull command every couple of days, and see if anyone else has posted a bio, or updated an existing bio.
- Update your bio. Follow steps 6-11 as necessary to commit your changes to your local repository and then push them to the shared, remote repository.
- Delete your local repository and clone a new one. Confirm your changes have persisted.
- Add a subdirectory with your name as its name, and add some new files inside.
URL to module or material
Description of original source and/or link if present.
Use Computing Ontology or ACM Classification System if possible
Educator or Learner (both)
person who posts the activity
TBD - probably CC BY 3.0
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