Project Evaluation (Activity)
This activity guides a person or team to evaluate a FOSS project and decide if they might want to contribute to it. This includes instructors who want to choose an HFOSS project for a course. This activity evaluates characteristics that include: pattern of contributions, pattern of commits, programming languages used, and more. This activity uses OpenMRS as a sample project to evaluate.
|After successfully completing this activity, the learner should be able to:
| Process Skills
Information Processing, Assessment
Not all projects are equally good for a new contributor. Some projects are welcoming and provide clear pathways to join their community. Other projects are less welcoming, or not well organized to support new people. Thus, it is helpful to evaluate a project before getting involved and contributing. This is particularly important when a teacher selects a project for students, or when students select a project for assignments or a project. The criteria below provide a framework to consider, but are not foolproof.
Walk through of an evaluation of the OpenMRS project
To choose a FOSS project for yourself or your class, it helps to consider multiple criteria, which are explored below. The Project Evaluation Rubric has descriptions and instructions to score each criterion. Copy the Project Evaluation Rubric onto your wiki page. Include your findings (notes and the answers to the questions below) in your rubric, along with your scores for each.
This activity uses OpenMRS as an example to evaluate. Thus, go to the OpenMRS core repository (https://github.com/openmrs/openmrs-core).
Licensing - A FOSS license allows anyone to use, change, and redistribute the software. However, there are many FOSS licenses, and multiple views on what they should be. The Open Source Initiative (OSI) lists open source licenses at https://opensource.org/licenses/alphabetical. The Free Software Foundation (FSF) lists free software licenses at https://www.gnu.org/licenses/license-list.html. In general, the OSI definition is broader, and so that list is longer.
- On the repository page (see image above), click on the "<> Code" tab below the repository name. Look below the tabs for a license name or link to the license. If the license is not shown, or the project is not on GitHub, look for a license file in the top level files of the repository.
- Does OpenMRS use a license approved by the OSI? Enter your findings in the rubric.
Language - If you are your students are already familiar (or experts) with the language(s) used by the project, it will be much easier to learn how the project works and make contributions.
- Click on the language details bar (see image above). Record the top three languages used and the percentage for each.
Activity - To support student participation, a project should be reasonably active. Number of commits can be used as an indicator of activity. Little to no activity over a year, for example, may indicate that the project is dead, or mature and not being actively developed.
- Click the "Insights" tab then select "Commits"
- If we define "Active" as meaning that a majority of the weeks in a given quarter have commits, determine whether each quarter was active over the last year and place your findings in the rubric. Note: since the definition of "active" is approximate, assess each quarter at a glance rather than by actual count of commits.
Number of contributors - A common fossism states that "It's all about community," so a suitable project should have an active user community. The community members are great resources for both faculty and students as they begin to learn about a new project, its culture, and norms.
- Click the "< > Code" tab. The number of contributors is listed above the language details bar. Determine how many contributors there are to the OpenMRS core project and enter your findings in the rubric.
Size - The size of the project is likely to be a factor depending on the level of your students. A large project that is built using many various technologies is likely to seem overwhelming to a CS2 student, for example, but may be a perfect fit for a senior capstone course. A simple first step is to determine how large the project is, additional research could be done to ascertain complexity. By default, Github does not provide information about how many lines of code there are in a repository or its size. You can however install an extension for Google Chrome that will display the size. Follow the instructions below to install the extension.
- Open Chrome and go to: https://chrome.google.com/webstore/search/github%20repository%20size
- Click the “Add to Chrome” button for the GitHub Repository Size extension
- Return to the GitHub page for OpenMRS. You should now see the repository size next to license type. Record the size in the rubric.
Issue tracker - The issue tracker can provide insight into the health of a project. An active issue tracker should highlight issues that clients/developers have logged as well as an indication that these issues are being addressed.
- Click "Issues" (note: this should appear next to "< > Code"; if you do not see this tab, then there are no issues logged in Github). OpenMRS uses a third-party issue tracker - click the link to openmrs.org located near the top of the repository page, scroll to the bottom and click the "OpenMRS Issue Tracking" link. Scroll to the table labeled "Two Dimensional Filter Statistics: All JIRA Tickets" located near the bottom of the page. Provide answers to the following in the rubric.
- How many open (for OpenMRS look at "ready for work") issues are there?
- How many closed issues are there?
- When was the fifth issue opened (for OpenMRS look at the "ready for work" issues)?
- Based on browsing the table, and clicking on some of the table cells, assess whether issues are actively being added and resolved
New contributor - The project should appear welcoming to new contributors. Some clear examples of this would be links to getting started pages or information on ways to become involved. These pages, in turn, should include additional detail about how to become involved, as well as information about how to connect with the community.
- Browse the repository and associated links, is there any indication that the project welcomes new contributors? Indicate which of the following are present and provide links in the rubric. Note: for OpenMRS you will find that the link at the top to openmrs.org and the link toward the bottom of the repository page to the OpenMRS wiki quite useful!
- Are there instructions for downloading and installing the development environment?
- Are communication mechanisms, such as IRC, list serves, you can join, meeting notices, etc. apparent?
- Is there a discussion platform? If so, how recent are the responses?
- Is there Web presence? This might include information about the project, how to get started as a developer, links to blogs, links to IRC logs, links to pages that contain information about coding standards and the code submission process.
Community norms - The way in which community members interact with one another is equally important, especially for student involvement. You do not want to point students to a project that advocates or permits lewd and unprofessional behavior.
- Some projects provide a "Code of Conduct", yet others do not. It it quite possible that you will find the code of conduct more quickly by doing a Google search. For OpenMRS you should look in the "Developer Guide" (link along the left side in the OpenMRS wiki) and then choose "Conventions"
- You should also review some actual communications to determine if there any indications of rude or inappropriate behavior. This could be quite time consuming since you would first have to determine the type of communication typically used by community members and then locate and review the appropriate artifacts. For OpenMRS, click the "TALK" link at the top of the OpenMRS wiki page and review the communications that occurred for two of the topics. Choose two that have at least 5 members and 15 or more replies.
- Record the following in the rubric.
- Provide three observations about the OpenMRS Code of Conduct.
- Provide three observations about the type of communication that occurred between community members on TALK. Is there any indication of rude or inappropriate behavior?
User base - A project will not thrive without a core user-base. The user-base consists of clients, people who use the product on a day-to-day basis. They provide the development team with necessary feedback about the project, what works, what doesn't and what new features they might like to see. If no one is using the product then developers are likely to abandon it. Browse the repository and related links.
- In the rubric record your answers to the following.
- Does there appear to be a user base?
- Are there instructions for downloading and setting up the software for use by clients?
- Are there instructions for how to use the software?
POSSE Participants: On your user wiki page, create a section that contains the Project Evaluation rubric describing your evaluation of OpenMRS as a suitable project for your course.
Notes for Instructors
The remaining sections of this document are intended for the instructor. They are not part of the learning activity that would be given to students.
- For a more introductory class, assessment can be based on simply answering the question included above for evaluating OpenMRS. This generally requires nothing more than being able to point and click and record the correct information. Students will get a simple view of evaluation in one context
- For more advanced students, some possible extensions would include:
- Providing the activity as shown above, but having them do an evaluation for another HFOSS project, perhaps one not on GitHub
- Having students assess several HFOSS projects
- Adding additional assessment questions that require interpretation or comparison of data for various criteria
- This particular activity can be the basis for a larger discussion or reflection about the general problem of product evaluation, selection, and comparison. Those issues are relevant whether the product is FOSS, proprietary, or developed in-house.
- This activity could also prompt discussion of measurement problems including qualitative vs. quantitative measures, development of frameworks for evaluation, and weighting of criteria to reach an overall evaluation conclusion
The table below provides an outline of a rubric reflecting the recommended evaluation criteria.
|Evaluation Factor|| Level
|Level of Activity|
|Number of Contributors|
- The criteria defined above are general, but the specific ways of evaluating each criterion will vary by project. OpenMRS provides a good example for evaluating each criterion for projects on GitHub. Projects on other forges will require different approaches to evaluate many of the criteria.
- There tend to be similarities in the way HFOSS projects are structured. If you repeat this evaluation for a series of candidate projects, it gets easier to do the evaluation quickly. The situation is similar to the time it takes to learn a first or second programming language vs a sixth or seventh programming language. After doing a few, you know what to look for.
Variants and Adaptations
- Explore this list of HFOSS Projects that may be of interest.
- Read the SIGCSE paper on evaluating FOSS projects
- Watch these videos introducing the FOSS project evaluation criteria:
- Other sources that may help you select a project include:
- How to Tell if a FLOSS Project is Doomed to Fail or a summarized version: Why your open source project is failing
- Producing Open Source Software (2017) by Karl Fogel is a great reference for many topics. Chapter 2, Getting Started, discusses things a project should address to be successful. That chapter can also be read as a checklist for things a project should have completed if you are considering being a contributor.
| ACM BoK
Area & Unit(s)
SE/Software Project Management, SP/Professional Ethics, SP/Intellectual Property, SP/Professional Communication
| ACM BoK
| Environment /
Darci Burdge, Greg Hislop, Michele Purcell
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License
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